Friday, May 11, 2012

Sacharov, Vladimir

Vladimir Giorgievich Sacharov(1901-1956), Russian composer, studied at the Rostov-Na-Donu Conservatory, then served as the head of Russian folk choir Pyantizky, the secretary of the administrative Board of the Central committee in UDSSR. He composed songs and choir music. He was decorated: Peoples' Artist of the Soviet Union(1946).

Sachs, Hans

Hans Sachs(1494-1576), German Meistersinger ("mastersinger")and poet. After schooling he apprenticed as a shoemaker and joined the meistersinger guild. He devised 13 tone or weisen, his 6,000 poetic works include 4,300 Meisterlieder as well as didactic poems and plays. "Die Meistersinger von Nurnberg", an opera by Wagner in which he is portrayed as a wise scholar.

Sadiqova, Sara

Sara Sadiqova(1906-1986), Tatar actress, singer(soprano), and composer, she studied at the Moscow Cionservatory. She was honored Artist of Tatar ASSR(1937), Peoples' Artist of Tatar ASSR. In 1938-1948 she was a soloist of Musa Calil Tatar Opera and Ballet Theatre. She performed parts in operas and musical comedies, and worked in the troupe of the Tatar Academic Theater. She composed songs and musical comedies.

Sadovska-Barilotti, Maria

Maria Sadovska-Barilotti(1855-1891), Ukrainian actress and singer of operetta, she performed in amateur productions of Russian plays and Ukrainian operettas, she also performed with other Russian operetta troupes.

Saeverud, Harald

Harald Saeverud(1897-1992), Norwegian composer, studied at the Bergen Conservatory and Berlin Musikhochschule. His music exhibits polyphonic texture, incorporation of elements of Norwegian folk music. He composed 9 symphonies, piano concertos and chamber music.

Sagyrbaev, Kurmangazy

Kurmangazy Sagyrbaev(1823-1896), Kazakh composer, instrumentalist, and folk artist.

Saidashev, Salih

Salih Saidashev(1900-1954), Tatar composer and conductor. People's Artist of Tatar ASSR(1951), honored Worker of Culture(1939). he was one of the founders of Tatar Professional Music. He gave a stimulus to the development of different genres in Tatar music. He composed operas, ballet music, and orchestral music. The main part of his creative work was music for musical dramatic plays.

Saint-Malo, Alfredo de

Alfredo de Saint-Malo(1898-), Panamanian violinist, studied at the Paris Conservatory, played as a soloist during 1920's in New York, settled in California and signed contract with Hollywood Bowl Orchestra. In 1930 returning to Panama, he played at the National Theater, later he became the director of National Conservatory of Music.

Saint-Saens, Camille

Camille Saint-Saens(1835-1921), French composer, entered the Paris Conservatory at the age of 7, founder of the Societe Nationale de Musique. A highly versatile composer, his works show refinement, spirit, genial melody and fine sense of form. He was one of the leading figures in the restoration of French symphonic music. He composed 14 operas, 5 symphonies, concertos(5 piano, 3 violin, 2 cello), chamber music etc.

Salas, Claudio

Claudio Brindis de Salas(1852-1910), Cuban violinist, "Paganini Black" as he was called his time, he was acclaimed in Paris, Milan, Florence, Berlin,all major cities of Europe. At age 12, accompanied by his father, conductor and composer, toured the Cuban cities, his interpretation on the violin with such a young age and clear melodic producing, caused huge impact to audience.

Salieri, Antonio

Antonio Salieri(1750-1825), Italian composer, studied in Venice and Vienna, became court composer and conductor of Italian opera in Vienna, served as president of the Tonkunstler-Sozietat, directed the musical program of the Congress of Vienna. He composer over 40 operas, oratorios, Masses etc.

Thursday, May 10, 2012

Samarakoon, Ananda

Ananda Samarakoon(1911-1962), Sri Lankan composer and musician, studied at the Christian College, later taught there. He went to India to study art and music, he was very much influenced by Tagore to imitate him in the direction of creating a musical tradition for the Sri Lankan people. He composed the Sri Lankan national anthem "Sri Lanka Matha" and is considered the father of artistic Sinhala music, and founder of the modern geeta sahitya.

Samaras, Spyridon

Spyridon Samaras(1861-1917), Greek composer, he studied at the Athens Conservatory, and also at the Paris Conservatory. He worked successfully as a composer in Paris then he migrated to Italy. He composed operas, his compositions were praised worldwide during his lifetime. He eventually returned to Greece.

Samut, Robert

Robert Samut(1869-1934), Maltese doctor and musician. He is best known for writing the music for Maltese national anthem. He studied medicine at the Royal University of Malta and at Edinburgh University. From his very youth he had shown musical inclinations, and at one time had wanted to study music, but his father did not approve, consequently he continued his career in medicine.

Sandler, Oskar

Oskar Aronovich Sandler(1910-1981), Ukraine-Soviet composer and conductor, he studied at the Kiev Conservatory. Between 1937 and 1940 he conducted opera in Kiev, then during 1941-1945 he conducted in Alma-Ata(Kazakhstan). He composed operas, operettas and songs.

Santiago, Francisco

Francisco Santiago(1889-1947), Pilipino composer, known as "The Father of Kundiman Art Song". His masterpiece was the piano concerto, his most famous piece "Kundiman,(Anak-Dalita)", was sung upon the request of King Alfanso XIII before the Royal Court of Spain. He was named Univ. of Philippines Emeritus Professor of piano on May 25, 1946. He composed songs.

Sarasate, Pablo de

Pablo de Sarasate(1844-1908), Spanish violin virtuoso and composer, violin prodigy, studied in Madrid and Paris conservatories. His great virtuosity is reflected in works dedicated to him by Lalo, Saint-Saens, Bruch and others. He composed violin pieces(54 numbered), Zigeunerweisen, Carmen Fantasy.

Sargent, Sir Malcolm

Sir Malcolm Sargent(1895-1967), British conductor, studied at the Durham University, taught at the Royal College of Music, conducted Royal Philharmonic, Halle Orchestra, Liverpool Philharmonic, BBC Symphony, and conducted the Promenade Concert from 1947 until his death. He was knighted in 1947.

Sari, Ada

Ada Sari(1886-1968), Polish coloratura soprano, studied at a private Musical School of Countess Pizzamano in Vienna, then studied in Milan, made her debut in Rome's Teatro Nationale, then sang in Milan, Florence, Geneva, Madrid and Lisbon. Her repertoire was tremendous-composed of the most prominent world operas. She sang the greatest coloratura pieces. In 1934 she returned to Poland, during WWII she directed in Warsaw underground operatic studies. After WWII she was teaching until her retirement.

Sarisozen, Muzaffer

Muzaffer Sarisozen(1899-1963), Turkish musician, studied at the Istanbul Municipal Conservatory. he began doing collection on his own while teaching in High School. In 1938 he was appointed director of Ankara State Conservatory Folklore Achieve, and kept collecting folk music in all part of Turkey. He collaborated with Mesut Cemil to apply a new approach to Turkish village folk music. He published three books in folk music.

Sasse, Marie

Marie Sasse(1838-1907), Belgian soprano, studied with Ugalde, worked as a vocalist in cafes earlier, made her operatic debut in 1852 at Venice in the role of Gilda. Other roles she sang were Selika of L'Africaine, Elisabeth of Don Carlos, and Elisabeth of Tannhauser. She was well known for her temperament and it got her in trouble with Verdi who refused to let her create the role of Amneris because of it.

Satie, Erik

Erik Satie(1866-1925), French composer, studied with an organist first, then entered the Paris Conservatory and Schola Contorum, his research in Gregorian music much influenced him, pioneer in forming original style of extreme simplicity, had marked influence on Debussy. He composed ballet music and piano music.

Satiroglu, Asik Veysel

Asik Veysel Satiroglu(1894-1973), Turkish poet, songwriter, a baglama and saz virtuoso, the prominent representative of the Anatolian ashik, tradition in the 20th century. He was blind for the most of his life. His songs have usually sad tunes, often talking about inevitability of death.

Satylganov, Toktogul

Toktogul Satylganov(1864-1933), Kyrgyz Akyns poet and singer. His fame reached a high point in the Soviet era when his workd were promoted by the state as a musician of the people and he was known throughout Kyrgzstan simply as "Toktogul".

Sax, Adolphe

Adolphe Sax(1814-1894), Belgian instrument maker, an accomplished flutist and clarinetist, inventor of saxotrmoba, saxhorn and saxophone. In 1842 he set up shop in Paris, developing and patenting families of new instruments; the saxhorns, saxtrombas, and saxphones. He taught at the Paris Conservatory, 1857-71 and published a saxphone method.

Sayao, Bidu

Bidu Sayao(1902-1999), Brazilian soprano, Brazil's most famous opera singer and one of the great stars of the Metropolitan Opera for 15 years(1937-52). She made her opera debut at the age of 18 in Rio de Janeiro, she continued to study in Romania, and in Nice. She sang in Rome, Buenos Aires, Paris, Milan and Brazil. In 1936 she made her debut in US under the baton of Toscanini, subsequently sang for Metropolitan Opera thereafter.

Scarlatti, Alessander

Alessandro Scarlatti(1660-1725), Italian composer, went to Rome to study, founder of "Neapolitan School", noted teacher and innovator of opera. He was the court music director and teacher at three conservatories. He composed about 115 operas, masses, cantatas, and oratorios.

Scarlatti, Dominico

Dominico Scarlatti(1685-1757), Italian composer, son and pupil of Alessandro, went to Venice, acquainted with Vivaldi and Handel, named assistant maestro di cappella of the Cappella Guilia at St. Peter's and later to the Marques de Fontes. He composed oratorios, cantatas, masses, 555 sonatas for solo keyboard.

Scelsi, Giacinto

Giacinto Scelsi(1905-1988), Italian composer and poet. He is best known for writing music based around only one pitch, altered in all manners through microtonal oscillations, harmonic allusions, and changes in timbre and dynamics.

Schalk, Franz

Franz Schalk(1863-1931), Austrian conductor, he studied under Anton Bruckner, then he was appointed the first kapellmeister of the Vienna Court Opera; 1904-1921 head of the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Vienna; in 1921 he became director of the Vienna State Opera. He was involved in the establishment of the Salzburg Festival.

Schipa, Tito

Tito Schipa(1888-1965), Italian tenor, studied in Milan and made his operatic debut at age of 21 in 1910 at Vercelli. He subsequently appeared throughout Italy and in Argentina. From 1919 thru 1949 he sang in Chicago, New York, San Francisco, Milan, Rome, and London. He is considered one of the finest tenor di grazia in operatic history. He was endowed with a natural, sensuous voice which he deployed with great intelligence and taste. Schipa retired from stage in 1958 to teach voice in Budapest and New York.

Schmidt, Franz

Franz Schmidt(1874-1939), Hungarian/Austrian composer, born in Hungary, then studied in Vienna and played cello in the Vienna Court Opera, also taught there, appointed as the rector of the Hochschule fur Musik in Berlin. He composed operas, 4 symphonies, a piano concerto and organ music.

Schmidt, Josef

Joseph Schmidt(1904-1942), A Jewish-Ukraine-Romanian tenor and actor, his first vocal training was as a altoboy in the Czenowitz Synagogue, by 1924 he was featured in his first solo recital, moved to Berlin for further study, his voice was extremely well suited for radio and featured in many radio broadcasts and acted in several movies in both German and English. He had a sweet lyric tenor voice with an easy high register, sailing up even to a high D.

Schmitt, Florent

Florent Schmitt(1870-1958), French composer, studied at the nancy and Paris conservatories, won the Prix de Rome in 1900 and studied in Rome, served as the director of the Lyon Conservatory, and the president of the Societe nationale musique. He composed ballet music, incidental music and film scores.

Schneider-Trnavsky, Mikulas

Mikulas Schneider-Trnavsky(1881-1958), Czech composer, studied at the Conservatory of Budapest, Vienna Conservatory and in Prague. He was a choirmaster in the St. Mikulas Cathedral in Trnava, in 1918 he was engaged in concert and public activities and was an inspector of music schools. In 1956 he was honored as the title of a "National Artist".

Schock, Rudolf

Rudolf Schock(1915-1986), German tenor, he was a tenor with a wide repertory from operetta to Lohengrin, his voice was colored distinctly with a rich baritonal quality. **********Schock is the Don Jose(sitting) in the picture.

Schoeck, Othmar

Othmar Schoeck(1886-1957), Swiss composer, conductor and pianist, studied at the Zurich Conservatory, then at Leipzig, returning to Switzerland to conduct orchestra in St. Gall. He composed 5 operas, violin, horn and cello concertos, and songs.

Schoenberg, Arnold

Arnold Schoenberg(1874-1951), Austrian composer, born in Hungary but raised in Vienna, studied at the Stern Conservatory in Berlin. He moved to France, and then to US, taught at USC(University of So. Cali), UCLA and University of Chicago. His music is not easy to appreciate, he expected listeners to hear very complexity of the scores, as they did in tonal music. He composed operas, symphonic poems, concertos(violin, piano), and chamber music.

Schou, Mathias

Mathias Schou(1747-1825), Musik a Spillmann. Theis the Blind was a wandering minstrel who was well known for propogating the Luxembourg dialect through popular songs.

Schrammel, Joseph

Josef Schrammel(1852-1895), Austrian composer and violinist, playing in the Vienna wine gardens of the suburbs, he originated the "Schrammel Light Music", his music is very much like the kind of music immortalized by the Strauss family. He wrote over 200 waltzes, polkas, and marches. ********** Schrammelmusik- is a style of Viennese folk music originating in the late 19th century and still performed in present-day Austria. The style is named for the prolific folk composers Johann and Josef Schrammel(Schrammel brothers).

Schroder-Devrient, Wilhelmine

Wilhelmine Schroder-Devrient(1804-1860), German operatic soprano, in 1821 she sang the role of Pamina of "The Magic Flute" gained much enthusiasm that her future career in opera assured, then she sang in Dresden, London and Paris. She created several roles for Wagner - Andriano in Rienzi, Senta in The Flying Dutchman, and Venus in Tannhauser. As a singer she combined rare quality of tone with dramatic intensity of expression.

Franz Schubert

Franz Schubert(1797-1828), Austrian composer ********************** For more Schubert's stamps: Click Here

Schumann, Robert & Clara

Robert Schumann(1810-1846), German composer, *** Clara Schumann(1819-1896), German pianist and composer ************** For more Schumann's stamps: Click here

Schutz, Heinrich

Henrich Schutz(1585-1672), German composer, a choir boy in the court chapel at Kassel, he began to study law at Marburg in 1609, but he was sent to Venice to study music. Upon his return to Kassel in 1612, he became a court organist, and then was appointed Kappelmeister in Dresden. He devoted to the development of a semi-dramatic church music, he composed the first German opera "Dafne" and ballet "Orpheus and Eurydice", but the music to both is lost.

Wednesday, May 9, 2012

Schwarz-Schilling, Reinhard

Reinhard Schwarz-Schilling(1904-1985), German composer, studied in Munich, Cologne, and extended in Italy, taught at the Musikhochschule in Berlin. A devoted catholic, his music was often inspired by religious and spiritual themes. His tonal language follows in the tradition of J. S. Bach and strongly influenced by his teacher Heinrich Kaminski. He composed a wide range of orchestral, chamber and choral works.

Schweitzer, Albert

Albert Schweitzer(1875-1965), German organist, Bach Scholar, theologian, physician and humanitarian. Early organ study fostered his love of Bach, attended the University of Strasbourg, earning doctorates in philosophy, theology and medicine. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1932 for his humanitarian works in Africa.

Scriabin, Alexander

Alexander N. Scriabin(1872-1915), Russian composer and pianist, his first music lesson was given by aunt, then entered Moscow Conservatory studying composition and piano. Upon graduating in 1892 he won 2nd prize in composition(1st prize was Rachmaninov). He launched a successful concert career, notably a performer of his own music and that of Chopin. From 1898 he taught at the Moscow Conservatory. He composed 3 symphonies, symphonic poems, piano concertos, and various piano pieces-preludes, etudes, mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, fantasies.

Sechinski, Denis

Denis Vladimirovich Sechinski(1865-1909), Ukrainian composer and conductor, he studied at the Conservatory of Lviv. He then conducted in Peremichi and Stanislav(both in Ukraine). He composed choir music, cantatas, and songs.

Segovia, Andres

Andres Segovia(1893-1987), Spanish guitarist, basically self-taught, he made his debut at Granada in 1909. He toured as a guitarist throughout Spain and Latin America; then Europe and North America. A renown teacher for decades. He almost singlehandedly raised the guitar to the status of concert instrument and arranging for guitar music from the Renaissance to Romantic eras.

Seixas, Carlos

Carlos Seixas(1704-1742), Portuguese composer. When he was fourteen, he succeeded his father as organist and two years later he moved to Lisbon. He became the organist in the court chapel and Lisbon cathedral as well as court composer. He was knighted in 1738 by John V of Portugal. He composed orchestral works and keyboard music.